Guilford County Schools
Guilford County Schools is composed of 112 schools and three administrative sites. The school system stretches out over 2,200 acres of land including over 280 buildings with over eight million square feet of space. Its schools are both rural and urban, and make up the landscapes of Guilford County, High Point, Greensboro and the communities of Stokesdale, Colfax, Summerfield, Gibsonville and Brown Summit. With a projected enrollment of 67,000 students and almost 8,000 employees, the system is the state's third-largest school district and the second-largest employer in a 12-county area. Guilford County Schools is a national leader in providing specialized schools and instructional programs designed to meet the educational needs of a culturally diverse citizenship.
The Guilford County Board of Education consists of 11 non-partisan members. Nine members represent specific districts and two members are "at-large" representatives. Members are elected by citizens every four years in terms that are staggered to ensure continuity of service. Members establish policies that govern our school system including its curriculum, facilities, financial resources and personnel. The board evaluates the district's achievement and monitors its progress, making sure that goals are met.
Guilford is administered by an 11-member Board of County Commissioners (nine districts, two at-large) who oversee an annual budget of $414 million that is raised from a tax base of some $28.75 billion in valuation. Major areas of allocation include education (42.33%), human services (34.71%), public safety (10.98%), administrative support (5.20%) and community development (3.63%). Board members serve four-year staggered terms. The Board chooses a Chair and Vice Chair from among its membership during its first meeting in December.
City of Greensboro
Greensboro was established in 1808 as Guilford's county seat on a site selected not for natural advantages but for its location at the exact geographic center. In fact, the site had disadvantages since it was in a low area covered by water with ducks swimming where the town should be built. There is a marker in Fisher Park east of Elm that cites this history. Forty-two acres were purchased from Ralph Gorrell for $98 and the town was laid out in blocks of lots. Originally it was a paper town without buildings or residents, named for a Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene. The 1980s brought downtown revitalization with four new skyscrapers and the listing of the downtown district on the National Register of Historic Places. Some of the successes of the 1990s include the new public library and the children's museum, the Historical Museum's neighbors on Church Street.
State of North Carolina
In ancient times, the eastern half of North Carolina was underwater and giant megalodon sharks roamed the waters. On land, there were woolly mammoths and mastodons. It is believed that the first Native Americans inhabited the New World 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Eventually, nearly 30 Native American groups settled across the state. In the 1580s, the British established two colonies in North Carolina, both of which failed. In the 1600s permanent settlers from Virginia began to move to North Carolina, and it eventually became part of a British colony known as "Carolina" named for King Charles I of England (Carolina is from the word Carolus, the Latin form of Charles). Many people believe that in 1775, North Carolina became the first colony to declare independence from Great Britain. After the American Revolution, North Carolina became the 12th state of the Union. In 1861, North Carolina seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy in the Civil War. In 1865, North Carolina troops surrendered, leaving the state to be brought back into the Union in 1868. The 20th century saw North Carolina transformed into a modern state, a transformation that began when the Wright Brothers flew the first airplane in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in 1903.